Theory of intention. A new accounting approach
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The theory of intention is based on the principle of the economic entity, a principle which considers the entity to be independent, having its own patrimony which is distinct from that of its owners. According to this principle, the measurement of balance sheet items in accounting, particularly of the assets, is realized from the point of view of the entity, by establishing the intention of the entity on the use of the assets it holds. The value of intention may be the realizable value for the assets which will be sold, the value in use for the assets which will be used by the entity, the current cost for the assets which have to be replaced. All these values are determined from the point of view of the entity and not from the point of view of the other market participants, as in the case of the fair value.
We hope that the theory of intention will be considered as the basis for accounting evaluation because it provides the real performance and the real financial position of the entity.